Bipolar Disorder Treatment

There is Relief for Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood changes. People with bipolar disorder can experience periods of mania, during which they may feel extremely happy and energetic, and periods of depression, during which they may feel very low and hopeless. These mood changes can affect a person’s ability to function daily and make it difficult to maintain relationships and keep up with work or school.

What Are The Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder?

The symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary from person to person, but some common signs and symptoms of the condition include:

  • Lack of energy: Feeling constantly tired and lacking in energy is a common symptom of bipolar disorder, especially during periods of depression.
  • Loss of interest in everyday activities: When experiencing depression, individuals with bipolar disorder may lose interest in activities that they normally enjoy.
  • Feelings of emptiness or worthlessness: Bipolar disorder can cause feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness, leading to a sense of emptiness or despair.
  • Feelings of guilt and despair: It is common for people with bipolar disorder to feel guilty or overwhelmed by feelings of despair, especially during periods of depression.
  • Pessimism: Bipolar disorder can cause an overall pessimistic outlook on life, leading to negative thinking and a lack of hope.
  • Self-doubt: Individuals with bipolar disorder may struggle with self-doubt and a lack of confidence in their abilities.
  • Delusions, hallucinations, and disturbed or illogical thinking: Mania can cause people to experience delusions, hallucinations, and other abnormal thoughts and behaviors.
  • Lack of appetite: Both mania and depression can cause changes in appetite, leading to weight gain or loss.
  • Difficulty sleeping: Bipolar disorder can cause disruptions in sleep patterns, leading to difficulty falling or staying asleep.
  • Suicidal thoughts: Depression can lead to thoughts of suicide, and people with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of attempting suicide. It is important to seek immediate help if you or someone you know is experiencing suicidal thoughts.

What Are The Types Of Bipolar Disorder?

There are a few different types of bipolar disorder, but all have typical symptoms of manic and depressive episodes. Verifying which type you are suffering from is essential because treatments vary.

Bipolar I Disorder - Mania and Depression

Bipolar I disorder is the most common form of bipolar disorder, and it is also the most severe. You must have had at least one manic episode, but most people with bipolar I disorder have also gone through at least one major depressive episode.

Bipolar II Disorder - Hypomania and Depression

If you have bipolar II disorder, you will have recurring episodes of major depression and hypomania (a less severe form of mania). If you ever go through a manic episode, your diagnosis will change to bipolar I disorder.

Cyclothymia - Hypomania and Mild Depression

This is a milder form of bipolar disorder, where the mood swings are not severe enough to be classified as mania or major depression.

How Does Ketamine Help Treat Bipolar Disorder?

Scientists believe that ketamine helps with bipolar disorder by rapidly boosting the activity of glutamate, a neurotransmitter inside the frontal cortex of the human brain, while also allowing new pathways to form in the same area.

The promptness of ketamine in yielding an antidepressant effect occurs because this drug bypasses the conventional serotonin path and goes straight to switching on glutamate. Recent evidence points to ketamine’s inhibitory effects on the NMDA receptor in the lateral habenula. The lateral habenula is a brain region primarily responsible for encoding negative rewards or anti-reward cause-and-effect relationships. Those with bipolar disorder show an overactivity of burst firing in the lateral habenula. As a non-competitive NMDA antagonist, ketamine prevents glutamate from activating the NMDA receptor.

This action differs from conventional antidepressants, which initially boost serotonin activity levels in several brain areas to alter glutamate regulation. This process usually takes weeks, sometimes months, while ketamine produces rapid relief from bipolar disorder symptoms.

What Does it Mean that Ketamine is “Off-Label”?

Ketamine is an FDA-approved drug for “off-label” or less typical use. An “off-label” use indicates a treatment the FDA did not initially authorize. The FDA approves prescription medications only for specific uses, but most medicines at some point develop off-label uses due to the clinical experience that develops over time.

As a good example, the medication Prazosin’s purpose was to treat hypertension in 1976. Eventually, scientists and clinicians discovered it had other uses. Now Prazosin treats nightmares in individuals with PTSD, a use that the FDA did not initially approve.

Getting Treatment

At Renew Health in Allen, Texas, we understand that every person is unique and may require a personalized treatment approach to address their specific needs. That’s why we offer a range of services, including ketamine infusion therapy and counseling and therapy, to provide our patients with a holistic solution to their issues. Ketamine can be a valuable treatment option for those struggling with bipolar disorder, helping to alleviate the most severe symptoms of the condition. Our team of expert and compassionate physicians and therapists is dedicated to helping you clear the fog in your mind and develop the skills and habits necessary for long-term recovery. If you are seeking a comprehensive and personalized approach to treatment, we invite you to contact us to learn more about how we can support you on your journey toward healing and wellness.

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